Hillbrow was and is at the forefront of social change in South Africa. Many social issues of South Africa are concentrated here: There is a high incidence of HIV/AIDS, woman abuse, refugee influx, urbanisation and degradation of urban environments, drug dealing, prostitution and crime.
Many of these are related to or aggravated by the lack of social structure, urban socialization of the new residents and unemployment. It is not only gloom and doom. There are indications and efforts in place that suggest that a visionary rethinking about the role of Hillbrow is in place.
There are many non-government organisations with such initiative. Local government has plans and is committed towards reclaiming Hillbrow as a clean, crime-free and peaceful residential area.